Knowledge of the role of the principle elements of the units is essential to an understanding of population phenomenon. The key to prevention is healthy plants and the key to healthy plants is in the soil. Pest managementincludes preventative methods as well as corrective measures, and manages the population of a pest so that it is below damaging levels. Insect and rodent management pest management supervisor michigan department of agriculture michigan state university adapted from urban integrated pest management, a guide for commercial applicators,written by dr.
A welldefined integrated pest management ipm is a program that should be based on prevention, monitoring, and control which offers the opportunity to eliminate or drastically reduce the use of pesticides, and to minimize the toxicity of and exposure to any products which are used. Integrated pest management has also been defined as the intelligent selection and use of pest. Though ipm was developed first for the agricultural industry, many museums, archives and libraries are finding ipm principles relevant to the protection of their holdings. By the international association of operative millers. This would provide better coverage and intervals of data collection, allowing the amc to. An ipm system is designed around six basic components. Integrated pest management university of massachusetts. Although ipm requires harmonious integration of several control tactics, it is sometimes referred to as rational pest control. The goal of integrated pest management ipm is to identify, prevent, and eliminate conditions that could promote or sustain a pest population with a food manufacturing, storage, or transportation operation. Ipm relies on appropriate assessment, monitoring, and management of pest activities. The primary objective was to capacitate extension officers and targeted beneficiaries to be able to identify and report on ias and to equip participants with basic integrated pest management techniques. Important components of a successful pest management program. Sep 23, 2009 integrated pest management ipm is defined as a durable, environmentally and economically justifiable system, in which damage caused by pests, diseases and weeds is prevented through the use of natural factors which limit the population growth of these organisms, if needed supplemented with appropriate control measures. Integrated pest management ipmuses all available pest management techniques in an overall crop pest management programme which considers all the potential pests.
Conducting urban rodent surveys i this manual is for classroom use and for. Integrated pest management ipm ipm is a holistic approach to sustainable agriculture that focuses on managing insects, weeds and diseases through a combination of cultural, physical, biological and chemical methods that are cost effective, environmentally sound. Integrated pest management ipm is a philosophy that involves the management of a pest instead of controlling or eradicating a pest. Click on each of the following ipm components for more detailed information. While each situation is different, six major components are common to all ipm. Integrated pest management, or ipm, is a process you can use to solve pest problems while minimizing risks to people and the environment. Evaluation of the integrated pest and vector management. New york state integrated pest management distribution map. Disadvantages of ipmdisadvantages of ipm integrated pest management systems are extremely complex andintegrated pest management systems are extremely complex and require a higher level of understanding to utilize. An ipm system of pest control involves a lot more time and isan ipm system of. This is the introduction to integrated pest management, and is the first presentation in a curriculum series produced for agriculture classrooms and natural resource education venues by the iowa state university integrated pest management program, with support from the north central integrated pest management nc.
Integrated pest management developed by the iaom food protection committee september 2016 management commitment key storedproduct pests ipm components ipm application for processes. Specific integrated pest management practices for rice and. Principles of integrated pest management an ipm system is designed around six basic components. Control of insect pest population is a function of the ecosystem itself by means of natural enemies and other factors. A guide for commercial applicators integrated pest management. Ipm plan for campus landscape statement of purpose the purpose of this integrated pest management ipm plan is to guide the use of environmentally sensitive pest management strategies and leasttoxic control methods at university of california davis to enhance the health and safety of campus landscape users, and protect the environment. Ipm also stresses a minimal and judicious use of pesticides which may pose a potential threat to your collection, the environment and you. This is the introduction to integrated pest management, and is the first presentation in a curriculum series produced for agriculture classrooms and natural resource education venues by the iowa state university integrated pest management program, with support. Integrated pest management ipm, also known as integrated pest control ipc is a broadbased approach that integrates practices for economic control of pests. Farmers and extension workers can use this knowledge to improve their cultivation methods.
Part i what is an integrated pest management program definition of integrated pest management integrated pest management is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of commonsense practices. Integrated pest management ipm is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of commonsense practices. Integrated pest management ipm ipm 2 cultural methods biopesticides and botanicals behavioural methods biological methods ipm sipm is a pest management system that in the context of associated environment and population dynamics, utilizes all the appropriate techniques to minimize the pest population at levels below those causing economic. Cultural methods of pest control consist of regular farm. Ipm programs use current, comprehensive information on the biology of pests and their. A, page 7 on the manual entitled contracting guidelines for ipm services in maryland public schools where it states abroad definition of ipm is a pest control. Integrated pest management plan mission statement ii. Integrated pest management ipm is an ecological approach to pest control based upon sound biological knowledge and principles. Ipm aims to suppress pest populations below the economic injury level eil. Inspection and monitoring it isnt necessary to inspect everything in your collection, just a sample of each type of item in each different location. Evaluation of the integrated pest and vector management ipvm.
Sthough several parasitoids, predators and pathogens of pests, antagonistic microorganisms were known to be effective for several decades, they were not commercially exploited because of quick knock down effect and easy availability of chemical pesticides instead of biopesticides and ipm. Cultural methods of pest control consist of regular farm operations in such a way which either destroy the pests or prevent them from causing economic loss. Integrated pest management food and agriculture organization of. For farmers, ipm is the best combination of cultural, biological and chemical measures to manage diseases, insects, weeds and other pests. New integrated pest management paradigm for the modern age. Integrated pest management ipm is an effective, environmentally sound approach to pest management kabir and rainis, 2015. Ipm can be used to manage all kinds of pests anywherein urban, agricultural, and wildland or natural areas. Pest insects feeding on plants, for example, can reduce harvests or destroy crops.
To optimize management of a pest, control tactics should be targeted for these weak points. An integrated approach to pest management is based. Integrated pest management ipm is defined as a durable, environmentally and economically justifiable system, in which damage caused by pests, diseases and weeds is prevented through the use of natural factors which limit the population growth of these organisms, if needed supplemented with appropriate control measures. Integrated pest management check list introduction integrated pest management is a preventative, longterm, low toxicity means of controlling pests.
A major inspection is done when starting an ipm program. The integrated use of the sit and microbial control as components of areawide management strategies is presented. There are five basic components of integrated pest management. Components of ipm directorate of plant protection, quarantine.
Ipm holds that wiping out an entire pest population is often impossible, and the attempt can be expensive and environmentally unsafe. Dec 27, 2016 disadvantages of ipmdisadvantages of ipm integrated pest management systems are extremely complex andintegrated pest management systems are extremely complex and require a higher level of understanding to utilize. Integrated pest management the key to crop management in any farming system is the prevention of anything that will decrease the amount of crop harvested. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Frontiers effects of integrated pest management on pest.
Biological control biological control is the use of natural enemies such as predators, parasites, and pathogenic microorganisms or antagonists to control pests or diseases. Biointensive integrated pest management page 5 components of biointensive ipm aaaaa an important difference between conventional and biointensive ipm is that the emphasis of the latter is on proactive measures to redesign the agricultural ecosystem to the disadvantage of a pest and to the advantage of its parasite and predator complex. Inspection and monitoring, identification, habitat modification, treatment and prevention. Integrated pest management for food service managers. Alston, entomologist important first steps identifying windows of. Integrated crop management an overview sciencedirect. Integrated pest management in schools, where it states pesticides are acomponent of an ipm program 2 on app. Promote the use of integrated pest management options hygienic, cultural, biological or natural control mechanisms and the use of agro chemicals as a last resort in pest control. Apr 29, 2019 the concept of integrated pest management ipm, a sustainable strategy for managing pests, has been in practice for a long time. Effects of integrated pest management on pest damage and yield components in a rice agroecosystem in the barisal region of bangladesh mohammad zahangeer alam 1, alex r. Evaluation of the integrated pest and vector management ipvm project in sri lanka viii surveillance could benefit from involving communities and developing local capability on monitoring and evaluation as part of an ipvm strategy. Ipm packages will be developed through integrating existing pest management practices with new technologies developed through collaborative research and links with ipm csrp global theme and regional programs.
Under ipm, chemicals should be used only as a last resort only, but when used, the leasttoxic materials should be chosen, and applied to minimize exposure to humans and all nontarget organisms. Baits bait consists of a mixture of a substance to attract the insects and an insecticide to kill them. Introduction to integrated pest management integrated pest management ipm is an environmentally friendly, common sense approach to controlling pests. Integrated pest management ipm relies upon diverse and appropriately designed proactive and reactive strategies to exclude, monitor and manage pests in manners that provide greater benefit than risk to people, the environment and the specimens and. Integrated pest management ipm means the careful consideration of all available pest control techniques and subsequent integration of appropriate measures that discourage the development of pest populations and keep pesticides and other interventions to levels that are. Because most pest management tools, including pesti cides, are effective only against certain pest species, one must know which pests are present and which are likely. Transgenic plants as vital components of integrated pest. Ipm programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. Bloomington parks and recreation integrated pest management plan. In this context, ipm integrated pest management, icm integrated crop management and irm integrated resistance management can help to reduce crop yield losses while managing insect pests. The ipm principles and benefits described below apply to any type of structure and landscaping. Knowledge of the role of the principle elements of the units. Although multiple sources define ipm in different ways, previous models primarily focused on the ecological, and to some extent on the evolutionary, aspects of pest management peterson et al.
The major components of ipm in increasing order of complexity are as under. Integrated pest management history, principles and strategies relationship between different components and economics history of integrated pest management michelbacher and bacon 1952 coined the term integrated control stern et al. Integrated pest management the concept of integrated pest management. Ipm uses a variety of pest management techniques that focus on pest prevention, pest reduction, and the elimination of conditions that lead to pest infestations. Integrated pest management for eucalyptus plantations.
Integrated pest management ipm plan mission statement it is the mission of the city of bloomington parks and recreation departments ipm plan to sustain the beauty, recreation potential, and ecological diversity of the citys parks and. Eight principles of integrated pest management article pdf available in agronomy for sustainable development 354 july 2015 with,072 reads how we measure reads. Spanish version manual and spreadsheet for assessment of sterile insect release densities. Components of ipm gives details on the various crop management methods that are used in ipm. Integrated crop management an overview sciencedirect topics. Many have argued that pest management is a component of crop production and generally refer to integrated crop management icm.
Integrated pest management ipm is an environmentally sensitive way of managing pests. Components of ipm ipm info integrated pest management. Cranberry ipm integrates biological, cultural, and chemical control practices to manage pest problems. Integrated pest management, or ipm, is a process you can use to solve pest. By experimenting in their own fields and by combining the appropriate methods they can develop their own system of integrated pest management. Integrated pest management has also been defined as the intelligent selection and use of pest control actions that will ensure favorable economic, ecological and sociological consequences. Phase 2 20102014 project components of the central asia ipm project. Integrated nutrient management is the combined application of chemical fertilizers along with organic resource materials like, organic manures, green manures, bifertilizers and other organic decomposable materials for crop production. The economic injury level concept for more information. Ipm seeks to control pests by understanding their habits and life cycle, and thus why they might be attracted to your area.
The armed forces pest management board afpmb recommends policy, provides guidance, and coordinates the exchange of information on all matters related to pest management throughout the department of defense dod. Ipm is a holistic approach to sustainable agriculture that focuses on managing insects, weeds and diseases through a combination of cultural, physical. Insect pest control section of the joint faoiaea division, international atomic energy agency. It uses a combination of practices and control methods with the aim of preventing problems from occurring and reducing the need for pesticide intensive activities such. Eco friendly integrated pest management indigenoustraditional technologies in integrated pest management. Published by utah state university extension and utah plant pest diagnostic laboratory ipm011 july 2011 important components of a successful pest management program diane g.
Integrated pest management 7 once you have identified the pest and confirmed that it is causing damage, become familiar with its life cycle, growth, and reproductive habits. Integrated pest management history, principles and strategies relationship between different components and economics. Armed forces pest management board armed forces pest. It provides for the protection of beneficial insects, as well as prevention of secondary pest outbreaks, pest resurgence, and the spread of disease. Integrated pest management ipm principles pest control. United nations, ipm means considering all available pest control techniques and other measures that discourage the development of pest populations, while minimizing risks to human health and the environment. Integrated pest management ipm is a sciencebased, commonsense approach for reducing populations of diseasevectors and public health pests. Singh, toge riba and debashish sen following the success story of green revolution in late 1960s, there have been reports of either stagnating or declining levels of crop productivity in recent. Integrated pest management ipm principles pest control and. Ipm holds that wiping out an entire pest population is often impossible, and the attempt can be. Oals the tbd ipm w g proposes the following recommendations for federal activities that would contribute toward a reduction of the disease burden from pathogens transmitted by ticks.1552 306 571 45 1020 286 282 1180 408 726 1216 1319 477 767 870 399 1308 1325 384 407 170 1163 543 454 749 979 758 125 683 670 830 1344 951 983 1141 1251 252 1247 811 78 604 762 1157